Peeking at Schrodinger’s Cat Without Disrupting the Quantum State
Can we peek at Schrödinger’s cat without disturbing it?
Excerpts and salient points ~
+ Their new paper published this month has found that by reading the information observed from a quantum system away from the system itself researchers can determine its state, depending on the method of analysis. Although the analysis is completely removed from the quantum system, it is possible to restore the initial superposition of possible outcomes by a careful reading of the quantum data.
“This is a key part of my research. I really wanted to understand why this quantum weirdness is there. I focused on measurements because that’s where the weirdness comes from!” says Hofmann.
+ “Normally we would search for something by looking. But in this case looking changes the object, this is the problem with quantum mechanics. We can use complicated maths to describe it, but how can we be sure that the mathematics describes what is really there? When we measure something there is a trade-off and the other possibilities of what it could be are lost. You cannot find out about anything without an interaction, you pay a price in advance.” explains Hofmann.
+ In order to understand their results Hofmann describes their findings using the well-known physics story of Schrödinger’s cat:
Schrödinger’s cat is in a box and the scientists don’t know whether it is dead or alive. A camera is set up looking into the box that takes a photo from a position outside of the box. The photo taken of the cat comes out blurry; we can see there is a cat but not whether it is dead or alive. The flash from the camera has also removed a “quantum tag” marking the superposition of the cat. This photo is now entangled with the fate of the cat i.e. we can decide what happened to the cat by processing this photo in a certain way.
+ The photo could then be taken away from the box and processed on a computer or in a darkroom. Depending on what method is used to process the photo, we can find out either if the cat is alive or dead, or what the flash did to the cat, restoring the quantum tag. The choice of the reader determines what we know about the cat. We can find out if it’s dead/alive or restore the quantum tag that was removed when the picture was taken, but not both.
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