Government & Policy

January 7, 2019

U.S. Has a Head Start in Quantum Arms Race?  A quantum-technology military arms race between the U.S. and China is on.  Given China’s ‘impressive effort to turbocharge quantum research’ in military-applied quantum technology and the U.S.’ quiet but known efforts, the gap between these powerful nations is closing.  Detecting stealth aircraft and weaponry, enhanced navigation capabilities, and ultra-sensitive magnetic anomaly sensors, are three areas where quantum science is being studied and applied to military uses.   

Reference is found at MIT Technology Review…

Using entangled photons to detect stealth aircraft is a focus of study by China. 

 

India Should Stymie Brain Drain with Funding; Follow China’s Quantum Initiatives.  “Every developing country has a situation of brain drain.  The problem is if one government wants to put money, the other cuts its down,” commented Duncan Haldane.  Haldane is the American physicist whose research with others on electric properties of materials paved part of the way for quantum computers.  Through funding its top institutes and state universities, India could follow China’s model used in their quantum initiative which is keeping Chinese brain drain from occurring.   

Reference is found at newKerala.com…

December 28, 2018

U.S. Quantum-Smart Workforce.  Signed December 21st, the U.S. National Quantum Initiative Act is catching notice by many media outlets, those in academia, government, and industry.

Reference is found at ExecutiveGov…

Armed with a Hybrid Quantum-Classical System in 2019?  Let the quantum computer find the result and the classical computer sort out the ‘bad’ ones.  

Reference is found at NextGov…

December 24, 2018

Multi-National Condemnation of China’s IP Theft.  The U.S., Australia, Britain, NZ, Finland, Sweden, Denmark condemn intellectual property theft by Chinese actors.  Canada, not so much.

Found at the Australian Financial Review…

Getting the U.S. Ahead in Quantum Computing [Opinion]  Ways for the U.S. Federal Government to move forward in quantum computing from a strategic approach, supporting the budget, to strengthening the workforce.  Opinion.

Reference is found at Nextgov…

Australia Reports on Future Tech.  Canberra states it “is evolving to be more closely linked to citizens and businesses, adapt faster to change, minimize negative impacts on innovation, and ensure maximum access to international markets.”  AI, QC, and other cutting-edge technologies are included in this evolution.  The Australian Government sees close involvement, in part, in quantum computing:

1/ By assisting industry–research collaboration

2/ Through facilitating “the development of supportive ecosystems” in Australia

3/ For protection of the country’s intellectual property and commercial advantage.

“Strong, responsive regulatory systems help keep the Australian economy as efficient and flexible as possible, and they also help [Australia’s] industries compete in the global economy.”  Just as the U.S. is promoting legislation to help the U.S. technical edge in quantum computing, so to is the government of Australia.

Reference is found at ZDNet…

Aidditional reference and full Austrlian Government report [PDF]…

Qubits, Coins, Understanding Strategic Implications of Quantum Technology.  The strategic implications are understood when a grasp of the basis for quantum computing is had.  Likeness of quantum bits (qubits) to a collection of coins is a good analogy for the basic power of a quantum computer; you can say more without occupying additional space.

Reference is found at Georgetown Security Studies Review…

December 23, 2018

U.S. National Quantum Computing Act Signed by President Trump, December 21, 2018.  As signed by the U.S. President, the U.S. will forge ahead with $1.2B in funding to ensure the continued leadership of the United States in quantum information science and its technology (QIS&T).  The program has numerous facets:

Applications:  Accelerate U.S. quantum information science and technology

Research and Development:  Invest in quantum information science

Workforce:  Develop a QIS&T pipeline

Collaboration:  Plan and coordinate Federal efforts

Partnerships:  Engage industry and academia

Leverage:  Existing Federal investments to further the National Quantum Information Program

From the act as presented and signed into law:

SEC. 101. National Quantum Initiative Program

(a) In general.  The President shall implement a National Quantum Initiative Program.

(b) Requirements.  In carrying out the Program, the President, acting through Federal agencies, councils, working groups, subcommittees, and the Coordination Office, as the President considers appropriate, shall:

(1) establish the goals, priorities, and metrics for a 10-year plan to accelerate development of quantum information science and technology applications in the United States;

(2) invest in fundamental Federal quantum information science and technology research, development, demonstration, and other activities to achieve the goals established under the “National Quantum Initiative Act”;

(3) invest in activities to develop a quantum information science and technology workforce pipeline;

(4) provide for interagency planning and coordination of Federal quantum information science and technology research, development, demonstration, standards engagement, and other activities under the Program;

(5) partner with industry and universities to leverage knowledge and resources; and

(6) leverage existing Federal investments efficiently to advance Program goals and priorities established under the “National Quantum Initiative Act”;

Now it is time to take action.  Much work must be done to accomplish the actions required.  Perhaps this is the impetus the U.S. seeks to give the country a “Quantum Leap”.  We’ll see.  Qubit.

Reference is found here at Whithouse.gov…

Full text of bill, now law, presented for signature [PDF]…

December 19, 2018

Emerging Threats to U.S. Include “Dual-Use” Technologies.  New U.S. GAO report highlights quantum information science as an emerging threat; add to it, AI.

Full report is found at G.A.O [PDF]…

Quantum Race and AI.  To understand quantum, consider it as a race entangled with AI, and know its dynamics, characteristics, and players.  The Red (Team) Analysis Society is putting forth effort to define the quantum race.

Reference is found at The Red (Team) Analysis Society…

December 17, 2018

U.S. 10-year Plan to Accelerate Quantum Computing R&D Passes Senate.  The National Quantum Initiative Act passed the U.S. Senate Dec. 14th by unanimous consent.  The bill is to inject $1.2 billion in funding over 10 years into quantum research. The Department of Energy, National Institute of Standards and Technology and National Science Foundation will lead the effort with a White House National Quantum Coordination Office to implement the plan.  An interagency subcommittee on quantum information science at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy is authorized to be established, as well.  Reference is found at FCW…

 

Ethics and Quantum Computing Getting Focus.  New ‘ethics’ group hoping to push an ethics first approach before quantum computing heads down the wrong path.

Report is found at QC Ethics…

Additional reference GIZMODO (Australia)…

December 12, 2018

Cautious or Foolish?  Is government inaction with quantum computing foolish or just government continuing to be cautious?

Reference is found at Nextgov…

2019 and Security: AI, Crypto-Agility, Quantum, and the Cloud Migration Security Specialist.  Artificial Intelligence, crypto-agility, hacking, and the added pressure of quantum computing: Coming to the tech world in 2019.  

Reference is found at ITProPortal…

December 10, 2018

South Africa Eyes Quantum Computing & Skilled Workforce.  The past ten years have seen South Africa make significant cyber-infrastructure improvements.  The South African government has advanced their National Integrated Cyber Infrastructure System.  This NICIS includes the Centre for High-performance Computing.  With the CHPC computing system dubbed Lengau (“Cheetah”) having been brought to fruition in 2016, the nation’s researchers, in one effort, have cut genomics analysis time from four days to 2 hours.  With this impetus, South Africa seeks to join other nations in quantum computing research and development.  Bringing in quantum machine learning is only a part of the vision.  Developing the skilled populace is seen as essential to reap the benefits of a Fourth Industrial Revolution. “Quantum technologies have the potential to realise this vision”, said DG of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Dr Phil Mjwara, in his opening address at the Centre for High Performance Computing national conference held in Cape Town in December 2018.”

Reference found at eepublishers…

Further reference discussing Lengau…

Canada, Quantum Computing, Workforce Development.  Canada aims at quantum high-tech accompanied by efforts to grow the workforce; considers quantum cryptography and artificial intelligence as the basis of next-gen technology.  Reference is found here…
 

December 7, 2018

Strategy to Protect Cutting-Edge Technology.  China has not stopped its theft of intellectual property; according to the Trump Administration.  This is a mounting concern of those in the quantum computing and other distruptive technologies arena.  In a  Council on Foreign Relations report, several strategic recommendations on how the U.S. Government should proceed to stymie the theft are given. 

#1 Apply the sanctions placed on Russian cyber operations by U.S. and allies to China

#2 Sanction companies, academia, and individuals vice the current policy of issuing indictments, for intellectual property theft

#3 Assist small companies with cyber defense against China.  “Small companies and start-ups in AI, quantum, semiconductor, telecommunications, and other sectors central to Chinese technology strategies are unlikely to be aware of the threat of Chinese actors or have the resources and expertise to reduce vulnerabilities.”

In lieu of taking sanctions and trade-war actions for Chinese intellectual property theft alone, the U.S. should aim to build an allied coalition sanctioning China for these actions.  Otherwise, expect the theft of intellectual property to become “an increasingly accepted international norm.”

Report is found at COUNCIL on FOREIGN RELATIONS…

5G, AI, QC All Part of Internal Discussions.  Trump administration holds “internal working sessions” focussing on AI, quantum computing, and 5G.  Reuters…

U.S. National Quantum Initiative Act Falling Short?  CEO of Quantum Xchange provides thoughts on why he believes The National Quantum Initiative Act (U.S. H.R. 6227) falls short.  Reference is found at THE HILL…

December 4, 2018

Government Interest in Quantum + Artificial Intelligence.  Governments looking at using data mining with power of quantum computing and AI.  Reference is found at TECH CENTRAL…