Turning Classic Computing Information Into Quantum States of Photons. Research conducted at Kazan Federal University is producing mathematical models useful to full-scale quantum computing. The quantum hashing is able to guard against error in computation. The team is part of a wider effort to enable quantum computing networks based on fiber optics in Russia. “Information in quantum networks is shaped in an optical beam. We know how to translate that chaos into text, no matter what its contents are, be it a letter, a wire transfer, or a military communication message,” members of the KFU claim.